Cash flow – Full year

MSEK 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017
Cash flow from operating activities before changes 351,3 160,3 162,3 105,3 118,5
Working capital changes -75,4 33,4 17,7 22,1 -12,0
Cash flow from operating activities 275,9 193,7 180,0 127,3 106,6
           
Cash flow from investing activities -123,7 -44,8 -184,2 -22,0 -35,0
           
Cash flow after investments 152,2 148,9 -4,2 105,3 71,5
           
Cash flow from financing activities -162,4 -76,4 -80,1 -45,2 52,9
           
Cash flow for the period -10,2 72,5 -84,3 60,0 124,4
           
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year 203,5 131,1 215,5 156,0 32,3
Effect of exchange rate changes 0,6 -0,1 -0,6 -0,7
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year 193,9 203,5 131,1 215,5 156,0